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Dating bottles uk
This page claims a user through the key for un different given and age bottles with several being side-by-side leagues of very pending bottles of different eras. What flasks and strikes are marked with the full read name, and the bott,es Dating bottles uk these only date between and Aqua oral typically dates from the right 19th century to the s. The beer bottle accused to the above policy is a hiring example of a sexual bottle from the out 19th century that was already reused. Owens rapidly made liners as eh redesigned his history numerous approaches and eventually over came the throws of might see here. By is frequent hyper-linking between the other characteristics and american fired on this episode and other will liners. AGCC has on vast quantities of employees and selects………….
Close up of iron pontil Close up of an open pontil milk base for Dafing A Close Look at the Owens Ring Beginning collectors often confuse an Owen's ring with a pontil mark and Dating bottles uk is easy to see why this happens. The pictures below are from two early machine made medicine bottles. I have put up Datjng of the lips so bottlfs the readers can see Datkng they mold goes all the way over the top as shown below. Notice how sharp and fine the mold seam line is. This is different than an older hand tooled, hand blown bottle.
The pressure from the automatic machine was strong and the molds fit tight leaving only a very thin line. In the neck on the right notice how just below the collar the mold seam goes complete around the neck. This was the manner in which the early Owens bottles were blown. But the process was completed in a single blow. Both of these medicine bottles look much like their earlier counterparts. First this cautionary note: Bottle dating is not a precise science! Using physical, manufacturing related diagnostic features, most utilitarian bottles can usually only be accurately placed within a date range of years i.
There are numerous reasons for this: Like many industries making the leap from manual craftsman production to industrialization and automation, technological advances in bottle manufacturing were not immediately accepted by glass manufacturers or their workers. Acceptance often occurred over a period of many years or decades in some cases. This technology lag makes some diagnostic characteristics better than others for dating. This will be noted where known. As a corollary to 1, consider the following quote: We can always have some indication of a starting date for a technique if we can find who first put the idea into practice. But any technique, once developed, can be used right up to the present - as many collectors know who have been so unfortunate as to rely too heavily on a popular termination date as sure evidence of true antiquity In short, there was and is nothing to stop a glassmaker from using an obsolete method in the production of a bottle.
Some technological changes were expensive and not adopted by glass makers until it became an "adapt or perish" issue and many glass factories just perished. The shift to the fully automated bottle machine from mouth-blown and some semi-automatic methods in the early 20th century is the classic example Toulousea. The same bottle could have been recycled and reused many times for many years before finally being discarded - entire or broken Busch This was almost universal with many beverage bottle types e.
The two products were from separate companies which were cross-town [Sacramento, CA. The author has also seen Star Bitters labels on Wait's bottles as well as Marriage after hookup for a year labels on the immensely period popular Hostetter's Stomach Bitters bottles! Reuse, of course, does not change the manufacturing date Dating bottles uk the bottle itself, but care must be exercised when using the known date of one or a few bottles to date other items found from the same context. When a likely or known "older" item is found in a known "newer" site it is referred to as deposition lag.
An example of this is the finding of a few pontil scarred utilitarian bottles among otherwise Help me find tahoe friends made in laramie wyoming 19th or early 20th century refuse. It is unlikely that this bottle was made during the same era, but instead was reused for a lengthy period or otherwise retained until broken or discarded. Pontiled base fragments could also be from later produced "specialty" bottles which are described below. Other diagnostic tools must be used to date these items. Shape is more indicative of function - i.
All this adds to the fascination with bottle making, but makes systematic dating similar to solving Rubik's cube - ostensibly simple on the surface but complex in practice. To misquote an old saying as rephrased by the BLM supervisor that facilitated the initiation of this website project: That is the point of this website. A yet a couple additional factors to keep in mind in the dating of bottles Utilitarian items makes up the bulk of the bottles produced during the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. They are defined as: Produced during the era where all bottles were an relatively rare and cherished commodity to be discarded only when broken i. Utilitarian bottles include the majority of the bottles in the following bottle categories or types: Click canning jar to view the typology page section devoted to that category.
The beer bottle pictured to the above left is a classic example of a utilitarian bottle from the late 19th century that was typically reused. The dating guidelines found on these Dating Pages and the entire website do not always work well with what the author calls "specialty" bottles click for more information. For example, some bottle types which were intended to be kept indefinitely like the early 20th century barber bottle pictured to the right were produced with the use of pontil rods leaving telltale pontil scars on bottles into at least the early 20th century. The base image below is of an late 19th to early 20th century barber bottle base with a very distinct blowpipe pontil scar with a little residual iron from the pontil rod.
Another exception example is that the bottles for expensive, low production liquors e. Specialty bottles include a significant number of bottles in the following categories: Many specialty bottles were imported from Europe, though that fact may be at times hard to impossible to ascertain. Specialty bottles can be, of course, occasionally found on historic sites usually fragments, but occasionally intact but can rarely be used to help date the site because of the diagnostic problems and deposition lag issues noted above. Having stated the above, there are still many diagnostic features or characteristics that provide a high probability of both dating and typing a bottle with some precision.
A key concept in historic bottle dating is the high probability i. The general probability estimates noted on this website are based on a merging of reliable references with empirical observations made by this site's affiliated consulting experts see the About This Site page and the author who have been students of historic bottle dating and identification for many years. Notes on embossing, labeling, and existing research Raised embossing and when present, paper labeling on a bottle can frequently provide important details to refine the probable manufacturing date range if information exists for the company that either manufactured the bottle i.
For example, the early mineral water bottle pictured here is known to date between based on the information provided by the embossing company name embossed on the pictured side and the glass maker - Union Glass Works - embossed on the reverse and complimentary research done by collectors Markota Researched historical information of variable depth and quality exists for thousands of different - typically embossed - bottles. Published works generally cover either a particular city, region, or category of bottles. Quality examples of references within each of these three categories are, respectively, Gordon Pollard's book on Plattsburg, NY bottles Bottles and Business in Plattsburgh, New York: See the References page for more information.
For a large majority of embossed and unembossed bottles, however, there is little or nothing formally published on the details of their origins. Only a relative few geographic areas or areas of collecting interest have received more than cursory historical treatment and the majority of this is due to the efforts of collectors. Time has taken its toll on records, of course, but much of what happened in the past was simply not documented well or at all as with most endeavors of common people in the past. As noted in Munsey's book, "When it comes to methods of dating bottles If the seams disappear in the neck, the bottle was probably "blown-in-mold" and dates circa to Dating old glass bottles uk s.
Dating old bottles uk
Dating bottles uk Is the bottle highly symmetrical, but lacking mould seams? These pages lead a user through a series of questions about the physical - or morphological - characteristics of historic bottles which help to narrow down the age of an item. Base type for examples, click here: In cases such as this, the Owens-Illinois mark diamond superimposed with O and I will also be seen on the base. The Owens machine revolutionized the bottle industry. Reggie Lynch at Email rlynch antiquebottles. Thanks Maurice for this information!